Recently, it seems that everywhere I turn in the news, someone is talking about wokeness or woke people.
Sometimes the term is used positively, i.e. “I got woke”, to describe a type of awareness someone gains in his or her life about issues pertaining to justice, fairness, and equality. Specifically, becoming woke often refers to moments in which someone, often a white person, becomes aware of social patterns perpetuating systemic racism.
Often, however, I hear the term used derogitorily. For instance, I often hear people criticize self-righteous “woke” people.
Or sometimes the term woke is associated with political correctness or cancel culture. (By the way, this article by the New York Post is an example of this kind of criticism. Generally, I believe the New York Post has poor journalistic standards and don’t advocate it as a news source. But this article is illustrative of what I am talking about in this paragraph.) And people sometimes use the term to dismiss social justice concerns. In this case, woke is used to denote that a concern is silly, contrary to American values, dangerously radical, overly sensitive, or some other such meaning.
Now, of course an idea or concern could indeed be any or all these things—silly, contrary to American values, etc.
However, I am concerned that woke has recently been used in such a derogatory manner. And I am also concerned that it is used less and less frequently as a word that commends people newly cognizant of social justice issues.
To further explain my concern about such matters, let me tell you a little bit about cognitive biases. Cognitive biases are unhelpful psychological tendencies that all people possess. They are especially problematic because they can make it very difficult for otherwise logical and moral people to exercise effective logical and moral reasoning.
For example, one of the most common cognitive biases is confirmation bias. Simply stated, confirmation bias influences people to seek out evidence that supports the beliefs they already possess and to ignore counterevidence.
So, for example, if you have ever listened to someone promote any conspiracy theory, you are probably aware that such folks constantly search for evidence that proves their theory. And they are almost completely unable to examine evidence that contradicts their theory. That is because people who get caught up in conspiracy theories have strong confirmation bias, of which they are almost totally unaware.
But you don’t have to believe in conspiracy theories to suffer from confirmation bias.
Consider times in which a beloved friend was caught up in something bad or treating you poorly. But you loved the person so much, you couldn’t admit this to yourself. So, you focused on all the evidence that suggested your friend was great and that the friendship was great. And simultaneously, you ignored all the evidence that suggested the contrary.
Voila! Confirmation bias.
Or consider the times you got totally caught up in a new diet, exercise routine, or philosophy—vegetarianism, CrossFit, Hegelianism. And you were certain it was the solution to all the world’s problems. You spent hours and hours researching all the studies or books that proved your idea true. And it was painful for you to even consider any contrary evidence.
You felt this way because you had a confirmation bias, and such biases are extremely powerful.
Confirmation bias is just one type of cognitive bias. There are many other kinds, which I won’t go into right now. However, I have mentioned cognitive biases because almost all of us suffer from them at one point in our life or another. And we will keep suffering unless we take specific steps to counteract bias. Such steps are actions like regularly reflecting on our beliefs. Or like deliberately seeking out counter-evidence and alternate ideas.
Unfortunately, few people regularly engage in activities like this because it takes work, and it’s often painful.
In fact, realizing that you suffer from a cognitive bias feels like you are waking up from a drugged slumber, or climbing out of a cave into the light. It can be frightening and disorienting. Letting go of cognitive biases often requires us to change our belief systems and actions. And this further requires, at times, that we make other major changes to our life that disrupt our equilibrium.
Thus, the willingness to wake up from cognitive biases, and adjust one’s life accordingly, is brave and laudable.
And that is why I am concerned that people so often use the word woke in a derogatory manner.
In doing so, they mock or deride brave and laudable behavior.
For example, I would like you to imagine a white man who does indeed hold racist ideas. He doesn’t completely realize he has these racist beliefs because he suffers from confirmation bias. His whole life, he has continually (and unconsciously) sought out evidence that supports his beliefs that some races are superior to others. In addition, (because of confirmation bias) he has consistently minimized or ignored evidence that counteracts his views.
And then one day, through a powerful experience he has with a black neighbor, the man suddenly becomes aware of his bias. He realizes that it has skewed his perception his entire life. And he completely changes his life. He changes his job and his friend network. And he also dedicates the rest of his life to fighting racism, let’s say (for example) in issues regarding housing discrimination.
This man definitely got woke.
And we should praise and emulate his wokeness, not mock and deride it. The man demonstrates incredible virtues of humility, honesty, courage, and integrity. We need more woke men and women like him in the world. I mean, when was the last time you admitted you were wrong and then totally changed your life to be a better person? This kind of thing is very hard to do. Kudos to you if you have done it recently.
One of my main concerns with people who mock wokeness is that they rarely, if ever, acknowledge how susceptible all of us are to biases and how difficult it is to overcome them. It seems that they themselves have never had any kind of woke experience. If they had, they would not criticize wokeness per se, which is a gift, but rather the way in which some people handle their wokeness. (And people can certainly handle wokeness badly.)
And I would suggest that the absence of a woke experience is largely why prejudice and racism still exist in our country.
Many people surround themselves with people who look, think, and behave exactly like they do. And they continue believing the same things they have always believed and that all their predecessors believed. And they never search out the kind of diverse ideas that would cause them to face their own cognitive biases.
Thus, they never wake up. What a tragedy.
Because if we never get woke about anything, we keep passing along the same biases we inherit from all the unwoke people before us. And some of those biases—like racism—are deadly.
I don’t want to pass along such biases, and I know I have had and still do have them. So, I intend to pursue wokeness my whole life like other people’s lives depend on it. Because they do. I invite you to do the same.
I need to get woke. You need to get woke. Everybody must get woke.
If you enjoyed this post, please consider sharing it on social media.
And I invite you to follow my blog. You can find the follow button at the right or bottom of this screen.
You might also like these posts about two times I got woke:
 By the way, I highly recommend David Kelley and Debby Hutchins’ book The Art of Reasoning, which has a beautiful chapter on cognitive biases. I use this book in my logic class.
Published by shellypruittjohnson
My name is Shelly Johnson, and I am a writer and philosopher with a Ph.D. in philosophy. One of my primary personal and philosophical interests is how we can learn to love ourselves and each other better in order to cultivate personal and political resilience. I teach ethics and a variety of other courses at a local college. I am the author of the blog Love is Stronger. I am also the author of three logic and critical thinking books for high school and middle school: _Argument Builder_, _Discovery of Deduction_ (co-author), and _Everyday Debate_, published by Classical Academic Press. You can reach me at email@example.com.
View all posts by shellypruittjohnson
4 thoughts on “About Wokeness: Should You Get Woke?”
Thank you Shelley, this is a thought-provoking and helpful post. A few random observations:
(1) “Woke is used to denote that a concern is silly, contrary to American values, dangerously radical, overly sensitive, or some other such meaning.” Substitute “British” for “American” and this sentence would be equally applicable to the situation in the UK. Woke is now, I think, primarily a term of abuse here.
(2) Since retiring I’ve had more time to reflect, and have become more aware of my confirmation biases in regard to politics. Which is not to say that the political beliefs I held for 60 years were entirely wrong, but now I am at least better able to appreciate contrary arguments and the other person’s point of view. The world is more complex and arguments are more nuanced than I was able or willing to recognise when I was younger. But this re-evaluation is a painful process and feels at times like a betrayal of who I am and have always been. It would certainly be easier to avoid challenges like this, more comfortable to expose myself only to people like me and who share my world view.
(3) At least in the UK the broadcast news organisations are required to be politically neutral and free from bias. However, how this is defined is controversial. In particular the BBC is facing a lot of criticism from the conservative right for allegedly pandering to the woke agenda. The system may indeed be imperfect, but its intentions are laudable: that adults should be provided with balanced, unbiased information to help them make up their own minds.
(4) I agree totally with your final paragraph: “I need to get woke. You need to get woke. Everybody must get woke.
Thank you for this thoughtful (like always) comment, Friend. It does seem like there are very similar things going on in both the U.S. and Britain. It seems to strange to me that it is somehow considered biased to consider that racism might actually be a thing. While there could certainly be a way that is unprofessional to examine racism in journalism, surely examining this topic in itself cannot be unprofessional or biased. And that’s why I often feel so perplexed by the wholesale criticism of wokeness. It just doesn’t make sense unless someone wants to say that racism no longer exists in any meaningful way, which is silly. Thanks for your comments that inspired these further thoughts!
Thanks for the article. You always seem to be making connections to my own personal journey through life. I think reading Just Mercy by Bryan Stevenson was a major woke moment I had about five years ago. It did, indeed, change my outlook and consumption of information regarding race.
Most recently, I read White Fragility, which I think should be required reading for all. “White fragility” is one of those things that threatens “woke” moments, because it’s a counterpunch to cognitive biases. White fragility seeks to maintain those cognitive biases by reversing the hurt done by our systemic and implicit biases. I’d even venture to say that much of the right is mired in this white fragility as part of their on-going attack against critical race theory, which I feel is important for people to understand in order to become “woke.” Many on the right would like to maintain, or at least ignore, their cognitive bias against blacks. They mock being “woke” as a way of denying their own responsibility as part of the problem. It’s a symptom of their white fragility, and right now, it’s on display almost every day. It says how dare you say I’m racist or that I need to learn more about my implicit white supremacy. How dare you try to teach me or my children more about racism! They are too fragile to handle that idea!
Thank you so much for this comment, Aaron. Sorry for my late response. We are in the midst of moving! I commend you so much for all the work you have done to be aware of your biases. I have read some similar books for the very same reason! And I agree with you. I think many people who mock wokeness do so, as say, because they are very uncomfortable about examining their own biases. It can feel very threatening! I know it has for me before.